SOCIAL SPHERES

During the 80’s, Lebanonization became a household expression for the painful fragmentation of a civic society; a process of social and cultural disintegration where sectarian differences became enforced identities, and identities in their turn were territorialized into always smaller and more homogenous enclaves; “a geography of fear” as labeled in the opus, Recovering Beirut edited by Samir Khalaf and Philip Khoury in 1993.